As students listen to and watch the video the second time, I pause for discussion: Thus enchanting stories about the gods moving the moon or creating thunder entralled the tribesmen who gathered at the feet of the bards who told the tales.
Harl of Tulane University writes in his guidebook to the Vikings, "the Germanic gods were closely associated with veneration of the ancestors The element of religious tension is quite common in Christian Anglo-Saxon writings The Dream of the Rood, for examplebut the combination of a pagan story with a Christian narrator is fairly unusual.
Some student responses include: As students watch the video, they take notes on the Germanic tribes that influenced English: The Norton Anthology of English Literature notes in its introduction to the epic notes that the most important relationship to a warrior king was a union with the gods.
Any of the stressed syllables may alliterate except the last syllable; so the first and second syllables may alliterate with the third together, or the first and third may alliterate alone, or the second and third may alliterate alone.
The Anglo-Saxons believed that by keeping alive the reputations of those who had come before, they could learn more about themselves and illuminate their own actions, as well as honoring the memories of the dead. But as previously mentioned, bards had been telling tales, the tale of Beowulf included, since before the masses were converted to Christianity.
During the night Grendel comes from the moors, tears open the heavy doors, and devours one of the sleeping Geats. In the third act of the poem, he decides to fight the dragon, despite his advanced age, in order to ensure that he will be remembered as the great warrior he once was; and, finally, he tells his story to Wiglaf on the beach as he is dying because the Anglo-Saxons placed huge value on the repetition of stories in order to prolong and preserve reputation.
He also served the important function of uniting the tribe into a cohesive family as a god-like figure. Bards The warrior-king Christianization This list is by no means an all encompassing description of the time period. Defeating Grendel, he shows that man, without armor and weapons, can defeat evil in any form including that of his foe Grendel.
By the 8th century, coinciding with the authorship of the epic, Anglo Saxons had largely converted to Christianity, casting away the polytheistic gods of the ancestors. The action of the poem takes place around a. References are made to christian teachings, Beowulf invokes the monotheistic God of Christians, yet aspects of the pagan warrior culture remain as described above.
In his boasts to Unferth early in the poem, he tells stories that may be exaggerated, about his exploits fighting sea monsters, in order to justify his own greatness.
This questioning allows students to demonstrate their learning. Thus modern English is derived from a number of sources. Bards would tell tales with such prowess that their subjects would often gain mythical qualities.
Many of those values, including the heroic code, were still operative to some degree in when the poem was written. First off, Beowulf is pure and shows this before his battle when he removes his armor and vows not to use a weapon to defeat Grendel. Many of the characters in the poem—the Swedish and Danish royal family members, for example—correspond to actual historical figures.
Origins of the epic Beowulf was originally written in Old English, a language that developed after the Anglo Saxons conquered southeastern England. Many Bards undoubtedly wove these myths into beautiful prose that the tribe would invoke whenever they required outside help in their brutal, hostile, and uncertain world.Christian beliefs- Gods sovereignty God is the giver and taker away of life and all things Christian beliefs- Gods protection Hrothgar wasn't able to be touched by Grendel because he was protected Christian beliefs- sacrifice Wiglafs men sacrifice themselves for Beowulf Christian beliefs- separation The separation between God and Satan is heaven and hell.
The depictions of Anglo-Saxon culture in "Beowulf" include displays of strength, valor, honor and boastfulness of early epic traditions.
Though many scholars believe that "Beowulf" was transcribed by a Christian monk, much of the pagan tradition that preceded Christianity was retained. In the epic poem Beowulf, the protagonist parallels the Anglo-Saxon’s culture with his loyalty to King Hrothgar.
Beowulf’s courage to willingly go fight for another country shows that he has not only courage, but strength, leadership, and bravery. Throughout the epic, the Anglo-Saxon story teller uses many elements to build a certain depth to the characters.
Just a few of the important character elements in Beowulf are Wealth & Honor, Biblical & Paganistic, and Man vs. Wild themes. Beowulf: An Epic Poem To qualify as an epic poem, Beowulf reflects the values of the culture in which it was created.
The Anglo-Saxon culture and the poem share many of the same values.
They shared a heroic ideal that included loyalty, strength, courage, courtesy, and generosity. The Anglo-Saxon epic poem Beowulf, which gives some glimpses of the domestic economy of western Europe in about the 7th century, mentions no furniture other than benches and some kind of seat or throne for the overlord.Download